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ScienceChina's space station will conduct global payload research

China’s space station will conduct global payload research


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China’s space station

The China Manned Space Agency said on Friday that the first group of international payloads chosen for cooperation between China and the United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs (UNOOSA) will shortly begin conducting experiments on the Tiangong space station.

At a news conference, agency spokesperson Lin Xiqiang said the things. Ten space application projects that are being are also making good development, he noted.

In terms of spacecraft technology, space research experiments, astronaut selection, and training, we have collaborated and exchanged in various ways with space agencies from many different nations and regions, according to Lin.

China has dispatched personnel abroad to take part in weightless aircraft training, cave training, and the Mars500 study since the start of its human space program. It has also served as the project manager for a number of significant international collaboration initiatives, including studies on the cardiovascular effects of weightlessness and the training of astronauts in marine survival.

Ye Guangfu, a crew member of Shenzhou-13, became the first taikonaut to finish cave training with the help of other countries.

“China has so far signed framework agreements for cooperation with the UNOOSA, ESA, and the space agencies of Russia, France, Germany, Italy, and Pakistan,” said Lin, pointing out that some of these have been successfully carried out and that others are in the planning stages for projects including the space station.

Lin continued, “We encourage astronauts from other nations to conduct experiments aboard the Chinese space station.

As expected, preparations are being made for training foreign astronauts.

serving as a laboratory

The operation of China’s orbiting space station, which serves as a national space laboratory, has advanced space applications and produced positive outcomes.

A total of 110 in-orbit science research and application projects have been carried out, including work on novel space technologies, microgravity physics, space life science, and human body research, according to Lin.

According to him, approximately 300 experimental samples, including rice seeds that through a 120-day life cycle in the space station, have been returned along with around 100 TB of original experimental data.

According to Wang Qiang, the deputy commander-in-chief of the space application system of China’s manned space program, the life-cycle growth experiment of rice is the first of its kind in the entire world, and the identification of functional gene regulation would encourage the creation of new rice types.

Another innovation made on the space station was a novel alloy material, which Wang claimed might be used in the nuclear energy, aerospace, and other industries.

Numerous scientific discoveries made in the space lab have benefited Earth. China’s human space program has produced more than 4,000 accomplishments that have benefited the country’s economy and way of life.

On spaceflight missions, more than 3,000 space breeding experiments were conducted, resulting in the development of more than 400 new varieties of vegetables, fruits, plants, and flowers in addition to more than 240 different types of staple grains. As a result, the annual output of grains has increased by 2.6 billion kg.

More scientific advancements to come

Future advances in science and innovation are also anticipated to be made possible by the space station.

On cosmology, dark matter and dark energy, galaxies, active galactic nuclei, the Milky Way and its neighboring galaxies, star formation and development, and exoplanets, Lin said it may hopefully lead to ground-breaking scientific findings.

The quantum gas will be prepared close to absolute zero by the space lab’s ultra-cold atomic physics experiment platform, which cannot happen on the ground.

Additionally, according to Lin, in-orbit research on synthetic biology manufacturing, organ chips, protein crystallization, and stem cells may open up new avenues for drug discovery, precision medicine, and regenerative medicine.

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